CE and PE in Stock Market | CE and PE | CE | PE
In the stock market, the terms CE and PE stand for call and put options, respectively. Further examples will further clarify the entire topic.
Let’s first understand the basics of options trading before exploring the ideas of CE and PE. We go into great detail in this post about CE and PE in the stock market.
Even people with a financial experience find the options trading market confusing. One must understand several technical terms, like “CE,” “PE,” “lot size,” “Strike price,” and others before they can profit from it.
Investors in this industry believe they can profit quickly. However, it is the same industry where a single loss is enough to wipe out all invested wealth. Stories of rags to riches that people have heard inspire them.
However, they forget that stories of people going from wealth to poverty are more common than the opposite. Therefore, before stepping into the world of options trading, it is crucial to completely comprehend terminology like CE and PE. In this article, the same will be understood.
Also Read: Tata Power Share Price Target – 2022, 2023, 2024, 2025, 2026 and 2030
Basic Terminologies Used In CE and PE in Stock Market
Beginners should master the following key terms before diving in-depth:
Strike price: The price at which an options contract can be executed is referred to as the strike price. It is, in a nutshell, the price at which an Options buyer will acquire or dispose of an underlying asset in the event that the buyer decides to exercise their right.
Premium: The cost of an option contract as determined by the open market. Consequently, it is the money that the writer (seller) of an option contract receives from a third party.
Expiration: When the option’s expiration date arrives and is exercised.
Now that we are familiar with the fundamental terms, let’s talk about what PE and CE mean in the share market. We have defined each concept separately because they are rather complex. Find out by reading on!
Also Read: Penny stocks India- with high returns
A few words on option premiums and strike prices
The amount that the option buyer must pay to the option seller or writer is known as the premium. With the payment of the premium, the option buyer obtains the right to exercise his desire to buy (or sell, in the case of put options) the asset at the strike price upon expiration. Option premiums are a crucial component in option trading.
The “striking price” is the cost at which the option buyer will acquire the share before or at the time of the contract’s expiration. The exact opposite is true for option sellers.
What is CE in the stock market?
The abbreviation CE stands for the Call option. It is termed as Call European to be more accurate. These kinds of investment agreements give the option investor the choice, but not the duty, to buy a stock, bond, product, or any other asset at a predetermined price within a predetermined window of time.
The call buyer benefits as the value of these underlying assets increases. Purchasing a call option on a security will, in essence, offer the investor the option to purchase a set number of shares of that firm at a set price (referred to as the strike price) prior to a specific date (known as the expiry date).
When the share price climbs over the strike price, a call option holder will profit from his position and be in a positive position.
Example 1 of a Call option
When the price of DLF is currently Rs.1970, you purchase a call option with a strike price of Rs. 1990. Due to the call option’s quoted price of Rs. 20, you must pay a premium of 20 Rupees per share, or Rs. 5000 (20*250).
You will begin to earn once the price of DLF shares in the cash market reaches 2110 rupees per share.
Example 2 of a Call option
- Trader A has a bullish stance on shares of XYZ Company.
- The current Price of One share of XYZ Company = Rs. 850
- Strike Price Bought = 900 CE
- Premium Paid = Rs. 15
- Shares Per Lot = 200
- So, the total premium Required to buy one Lot would be = 200*15 = Rs. 3000
The trader will begin to profit if all goes according to plan and the price of an underlying asset in the cash market rises above Rs.915 (strike cost of Rs.900 plus premium of Rs.15).
When to buy or sell a CE or Call option?
When you anticipate that the price of the underlying asset will increase, you can purchase a call option.
The requirement is that the stock must be in the news for some reason, be it an upcoming quarterly report, a merger with another business, or something else entirely.
When to sell CEs is the hardest part about purchasing them. If your expectations are not satisfied, you are under no obligation to stay.
When the price of the underlying asset has increased sufficiently above the strike price, you can sell your CEs or Call options.
It’s crucial to understand that purchasing call options has a risk of loss if you do not exercise them before they expire, since you will forfeit any premium and commission payments made while purchasing CEs.
However, if the value of the underlying asset has dropped sufficiently below the strike price, you can also sell your call options before they expire.
The limit order, which enables you to place an order at a specific price or better, is the finest method for purchasing CEs.
When purchasing call option contracts, a sell stop can also be used. If the share price hits that level, the option will be immediately sold, generating a profit.
What is PE in the stock market?
The abbreviation PE stands for put option. Its official name is Put European. A put option is a contract that grants the option holder the right, but not the obligation, to sell the securities within a set time frame and at a set price (the strike price).
The complete opposite of a call option is a put option. A transaction is never possible without either a buyer or a seller. Investors are also unable to purchase call options without matching put options being available.
When the share price drops below the strike price, the holder of a put option will profit from his pessimistic outlook on the share’s value.
Example 1 of a Put option
Think about the same illustration we used for the call option.
At a point when the price of DLF Share is 2130, you purchase a put option with a strike price of 1990. Due to the call option’s listed price of 20, you must pay a premium of 20 Rupees per share, or 5000 Rupees (20*250).
You will now begin to earn if the price of DLF Shares falls below Rs.1970 per share on the cash market.
Example 2 of a Put option
- Consider a security XYZ with a spot price of Rs.60.
- You can sell a call option on the stock for a strike Price of 60
- The Premium for the same is Rs. 50.
- One contract will fetch you Rs.500 (Rs.5 * 100 shares).
- Now upon expiry, if the share price is trading below Rs. 60, then the call Option would expire worthlessly and the seller of the Option would pocket the premium.
- The Break-even point will be Rs.65. Above Rs.65, the call seller starts to lose money beyond the premium he/she has received.
When to buy or sell a PE or Put option?
You need to be bearish on the underlying asset in order to purchase a put option. Additionally, it is preferable if the market is in a downward trend or if there are a number of grounds for anticipating a decline in price.
Put options can help you benefit if your prediction comes true and the share price declines, but keep in mind that there is always a risk when purchasing put options because you are not required to hold them if your predictions are wrong.
Therefore, the best course of action is to buy Put Option contracts with a limit order, which allows you to place an order at a specific price or higher. You should also use sell stop orders when selling Put options so that whenever the share price reaches that specific level, the option will be automatically sold.
It’s crucial to understand that the Put Option premium will increase everytime the share price decreases, resulting in a profit when you sell them before expiration.
At expiration, the stock’s value becomes zero if it closes above your buying strike price, so there are no further gains.
Best Mediums for CE and PE Calls in Stock Market
You can obtain F&O calls from a variety of sources, but you should exercise extreme caution when doing so. You should also enter trades at your own risk and conduct your own research before setting up any F&O trading. Nifty and Bank Nifty options are the most traded in F&O.
Following is a list of media:
TV Channel – Zee Business, NDTV Profit.
Website- Moneycontrol, ET Money
What are the other purposes of CE and PE in Stock Market?
Hedging your investments is one of the other goals of CE and PE. Consider the scenario when you have certain shares of a specific stock in your Demat account. Any abrupt negative financial news will have an impact on the entire stock market.
You might therefore buy some put options or sell some call options to survive in this bad market. You will have some protection on the short side and insurance for your shares if you buy a Put option or sell a Call option.
You can protect yourself from any potential losses brought on by the market’s significant price fluctuations by hedging your positions.
Is selling PE And Buying CE the Same?
Although both buying CE and selling PE are undertaken with a positive outlook, their execution is very different.
When you sell PE, you take on the role of the option writer and are responsible to exercise the option upon the buyer’s request in exchange for the premium paid. For the premium you pay when purchasing a CE, you are given the option to execute the options contract.
According to the margin rules, the PE seller needs a big margin because the loss is potentially limitless. While purchasing an options contract, the buyer of CE, on the other hand, is simply required to pay the premium, which represents the buyer’s maximum loss.
Selling PE rather than purchasing CE offers a person a greater possibility of making money in the choice. Due to the option Greeks’ preference for the option seller over the option buyer, this is the case.
How to do Options Trading in Upstox?
We’ll go over how to trade options in Upstox. For trading options, there are numerous stock trading platforms available.
Step 1: First, register for a FREE Upstox account. (1000 FREE Brokerage Rupees)
Step 2: Log in to the site after having your account approved.
Step 3: Open the app and select the “Search” icon in the upper left corner. From there, select the F&O tab.
Step 4: At this point, you can type the indices or stocks you want to trade and choose the CE and PE you want.
Step 5: At this point, you can choose to either buy or sell. As a newbie, we advise you to start trading with 1 lot and then click the “Review” option.
Step 6: On the following screen, swipe the “Swipe to schedule order” button to confirm the order.
Some fundamental yet crucial guidelines for option trading
- Only when you anticipate the market to rise should you buy a call option or sell a put option.
- Only when you anticipate the market to decline should you buy a put option or sell a call option.
- The potential profit for the option buyer is limitless, and the risk is little (to the extent of the premium paid).
- The potential risk and gain for the option seller are both boundless (to the extent of the premium received).
- The majority of option traders prefer to trade options exclusively to profit from premium variance.
- As an options trader, you may anticipate this to happen very regularly as option premiums have a tendency to gyrate dramatically.
Some of the key terms that one should be familiar with before delving deeply into the world of options were covered above. Trading options can be quite profitable, but it is not as simple as it may seem.
Less than 1% of the active traders on Zerodha achieve returns that beat FDs, according to a recent interview with Mr. Nithin Kamath, the company’s founder. This implies that the remaining 99% did not even deserve the FDs’ grants.
This article covered the meaning of PE and CE in the stock market as well as when to buy and sell them.
Although using options might be dangerous, there are those who use them wisely and make significant gains. By employing the proper option-trading tactics, traders trade options. Most of the time, traders might end up making healthy gains if these tactics are implemented properly and with discipline.
One method of generating cash is by selling options. However, if the underlying asset swings against the trader’s wager, the risk associated with this method is limitless.
Trading should be done carefully while keeping this in mind.
What is the full form of CE
What is the full form of PE
Is Option Trading Safe?
Compared to standard trading, option trading is highly dangerous and needs extensive market analysis. Since option trading is only appropriate for experienced traders, we advise novice traders to avoid it.
Is options trading Better Than Stocks?
Although option trading carries a high level of risk, it offers better short-term returns than dealing in deliverable stocks.
Which platform is best for options trading?
There are various stock trading platforms available for option trading, but we advise using Groww because it is quick and easy to use.
I have seen some groups provide Call and Put Option are they accurate?
Avoid these calls by conducting your own research and investing in CE or PE, or seek the advice of a professional financial advisor.
I am a beginner in trading, can I start CE PE trading?
No way! You must first comprehend the basics of trading before engaging in any trading. We advise against engaging in F&O because it could wipe out your portfolio.